Frequency hopping, spread spectrum communication technology, dominant design, disruptive technology, incremental innovation, technological transition, intellectual property rights.


  1. Frequency hopping technology was an innovative disruptive technology that was ahead of its time.
  2. The invention became a dominant design as it is now commonly used throughout the world for all wireless communication.

Dawn Gough

Dawn is an environmental entrepreneur, writer, and keynote speaker based in Newfoundland and Labrador.

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